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                • 厨房油烟对皮肤的危害大吗?
                • 本站编辑:澳博体育发布日期:2019-03-22 17:38 浏览次数:


                油烟基本上是每个人日常都会接触到的东西,毕竟人都要吃饭,除非你是不食人间烟火的仙人。 但你是否知道油烟包含了数种、有毒、有害甚至致癌的物质呢? 实际上很多人都知道油烟对人体ζ潜在着危害性,毕竟近年来网络发展得异常迅速,大量有关油烟危害性的信∑ 息铺天盖地的出现在网络的各个角落。 随着人们对油烟危害性的逐渐认识,有一种独特的见解忽然出现在网络之上:油烟的¤危害性被夸大,这都是食■品加工厂商家们的阴谋!


                油烟基本上是每个人日常都会接触到的东西,毕竟人都要吃饭,除非你是不食人间烟火的仙人。

                但你是否知道油烟包含了数种、有毒、有害甚至致癌的物质呢?

                实际上很多人都知道油烟对人体潜在着危害性,毕竟近年来网络发展得异常迅速,大量有关油烟危害性的信息铺ω 天盖地的出现在网络的各个角落。

                随着人们对油烟危害性的逐渐认识,有一种独特的见解忽然出现在网络之上:油烟的危害性被夸大,这都是食品加工厂商家们的阴谋!

                这个见解其实不无道理,中国有上千年的饮食文化,而国外也同样有着源远流长的餐饮习惯;远的不说,以我们自身的生活为例,很多人都◤有自己炒菜做饭的习惯,每天也会接触到大量的油烟,但也没因此而出▼现什么呼吸道的严重疾病。

                当然,这个言论不是在完全否定油烟潜在危害性,在科学仪器的检测中,油烟当中的确含有不饱和烃类、饱和烃类、多环芳烃、杂环化合物以及醇、醛等有毒、致癌物质,这是不争的事实。

                那么,油烟的危害性真的被夸大了吗?

                作为◣寻常百姓的我们,是不是真的可以不用理会那在锅里翻滚而出的油烟呢?

                其实不然,净化油烟的原由不但是为了保护人体健康,更是从保护大自●然环境的角度出发。

                世界卫生组织WHO曾做出声明:在中国,油烟净化器空气污染的主要来源之一,就是由于烹饪所产生的油烟油烟净化。

                而早在2013年在当时还是雾霾弥漫的北京就做过一次科学调研,在雾霾严重、PM2.5爆表的北京,从餐饮源贡献◥出来的PM2.5就已经达到了13%!这个数字已经与北京的地面扬尘、工业排放PM2.5的数值相当,除此之外,机动车和燃煤的PM2.5排放则达到了25%、19%!

                所以近年㊣来无论是北京、还是各个大型城市,为了追求质量更高的生活环境和城市面貌,都开始了减排】、限行、整顿餐饮排放、提倡低碳出行等措施。

                虽然对于人们日常的烹饪料理所⊙制造油烟的确不会对人体造成多大的损害,毕竟我们做饭的时间也不会太长,但对于一些常年需要工作在废气的厨师里面,他们所面对的油烟量却是我们难以想象的。

                据统计,以北京一家每天经营6小时的中小饭店为例,按照北京的油烟排放标准2mg/m3来计算,这家饭店一年的油烟排放量能轻易超过100斤!

                如果这◣家饭店没有遵从法规随意排放油烟的话,它一年的油烟排放量就是以1000斤的倍数计算,全北京有上万家这类的中小饭店,如果不加以约束,光这些饭店一年就会带来千万吨规模的油烟被排放到〇室外,而身处厨房当中的工作人员也会每天都被笼罩在充满了油烟的环境当中,那是十分可怕的一副▂景象。

                我国的餐饮业也々是日新月异的态势,排出室外的油烟也只会越来越多。大自然的自净能力是有限度的,一旦超出了这个限度,大自然的生态系统就会随之崩溃,最后倒霉的还是人类自己。

                另外,随着全球环境的不断恶化,各国也开展了不同程度的环境整治措施。显然,先污染后治理的发展理论已经不符合我国的发展战略,所以我国也加大了整治环境、防治环境恶化∮的力度,而其中,油烟整治就是其中的一环。

                那么,怎么去整治油烟问题呢?

                油烟的源头主要有三个:1、家庭;2、餐饮店;3、厨房;

                虽然家庭的数量众多,但每个家庭每天产生的油烟量有限,而且监№管难度高,所以目前我国还没有太过重视家╱庭油烟的整治。

                而对于餐饮店、食品加工厂这些每年会→产生大量油烟的单位,我国就出台了数项法律法规去约束它们的生产行为不应对环境产生过大影响。

                而室内器的出现,不过是顺应这股潮流而产生的一个行业设备,所以并不存在阴谋一说。


                Oil smoke is basically something that everyone will come into contact with everyday. After all, people have to eat unless you are a fairy who does not eat human fireworks. But do you know that soot contains several toxic, harmful and even carcinogenic substances? In fact, many people know that oil fume is potentially harmful to the human body. After all, in recent years, the network has developed very rapidly. A large number of information about the harm of oil fume has appeared in every corner of the network. With the gradual recognition of the hazards of oil fumes, a unique view suddenly appeared on the Internet: the hazards of oil fumes are exaggerated, which is the conspiracy of food processors!




                Oil smoke is basically something that everyone will come into contact with everyday. After all, people have to eat unless you are a fairy who does not eat human fireworks.


                But do you know that soot contains several toxic, harmful and even carcinogenic substances?


                In fact, many people know that oil fume is potentially harmful to the human body. After all, in recent years, the network has developed very rapidly. A large number of information about the harm of oil fume has appeared in every corner of the network.


                With the gradual recognition of the hazards of oil fumes, a unique view suddenly appeared on the Internet: the hazards of oil fumes are exaggerated, which is the conspiracy of food processors!


                This view is not unreasonable, China has a thousand years of food culture, and foreign countries also have a long-standing eating habits; far from it, take our own life as an example, many people have their own cooking habits, daily exposure to a large number of lampblack, but there is no serious respiratory disease.


                Of course, this statement is not a complete denial of the potential hazards of oil fumes. It is an indisputable fact that oil fumes do contain unsaturated hydrocarbons, saturated hydrocarbons, polycyclic aromatic hydrocarbons, heterocyclic compounds, alcohols, aldehydes and other toxic and carcinogenic substances in the detection of scientific instruments.


                So, is the harmfulness of soot really exaggerated?


                As ordinary people, can we really ignore the oil fumes rolling out in the pot?


                In fact, the reason for purifying oil fume is not only to protect human health, but also to protect the natural environment.


                WHO has made a statement: in China, one of the main sources of air pollution from cooking fume purifiers is fume purification.


                As early as 2013, when Beijing was still full of haze, a scientific survey was conducted. In Beijing, where haze was serious and PM2.5 burst, the contribution of PM2.5 from catering sources has reached 13%. This figure has been comparable to the ground dust and industrial PM2.5 emission in Beijing. In addition, the PM2.5 emission of motor vehicles and coal-fired has reached 25% and 19%.


                So in recent years, in order to pursue a better quality of living environment and urban outlook, both Beijing and large cities have begun to reduce emissions, restrict travel, rectify food and beverage emissions, and promote low-carbon travel and other measures.


                Although the cooking fume produced by people's daily cooking does not cause much harm to the human body, after all, the cooking time will not be too long, but for some cooks who need to work in exhaust gas all the year round, the amount of fume they face is unimaginable.


                According to statistics, taking a small and medium-sized hotel in Beijing which operates six hours a day as an example, according to Beijing's smoke emission standard of 2mg/m, the smoke emission of this hotel can easily exceed 100 kg a year!


                If the hotel fails to comply with the regulations and emit oil fumes at will, its annual oil fume emissions are calculated at a multiple of 1,000 kg. There are tens of thousands of such small and medium-sized hotels in Beijing. Without restriction, these hotels alone will bring tens of millions of tons of oil fumes into the outdoors in a year, and the staff in the kitchen will be covered with oil fumes every day. In the environment, it is a terrible sight.


                China's catering industry is also changing with each passing day, and the smoke discharged outdoors will only be more and more. Nature's self-purification ability is limited. Once beyond this limit, the ecosystem of nature will collapse. Finally, it's the human itself that is unlucky.


                In addition, with the deterioration of the global environment, countries have also carried out various degrees of environmental remediation measures. Obviously, the development theory of pollution first and then pollution control is not in line with our development strategy, so our country has also increased the efforts to control the environment and prevent environmental deterioration, among which, lampblack control is one of the links.


                So, how to rectify the problem of lampblack?


                There are three main sources of lampblack: 1. family; 2. restaurant; 3. kitchen;


                Although the number of families is large, but each family produces a limited amount of oil fume every day, and supervision is difficult, so at present our country has not paid too much attention to the treatment of family oil fume.


                For restaurants and food processing factories, which produce a large amount of oil fume every year, China has issued several laws and regulations to restrict their production behavior, which should not have too great impact on the environment.


                The emergence of indoor appliances is just an industry equipment that conforms to this trend, so there is no conspiracy.